T H E V I O L I N
Music industry is one of those industries which is being updated time and again. In this process of updating and evolving, many instruments have been introduced and would disappear very soon from the world. On the other side there are some instruments which have been into the industry for centuries, have got a very special recognition and have been established as very important instruments and these instruments will remain in the world as long as music exists. One of such instruments is the Violin.
The Violin also called as Fiddle is one of the most popular instruments in the world of music. Violin is probably the most widely used instrument across the globe and this instrument is found is almost all the forms of music beginning from folk and country music to the classical music. The soft and smooth sound it gives and the pitch it produces makes it the most comfortable instrument for any form and any genre of music. This is the only instrument which can produce any kind of sound apart from the music that comes from it. Not only that it is the most comfortable instrument for most of the forms but also it is among the toughest instruments in the world. This instrument along with the flute is ranked number 1 in terms of toughness to play. That’s why not everyone who starts to learn violin stays with it for long time. And also that’s why violinists (people who play violin also called as fiddlers) are respected all over the world as they are doing one of the toughest jobs.
A brief description about Violin:
Violin basically belongs to the string family of instruments (where other instruments like guitar, viola, double bass and cello belong to). Violin has been first made in Italy between 15th and 16th centuries after so many evolutions.
This instrument is a hollow wooden instrument mostly made of maple and ebony woods in combination. There are two pieces in a violin: the main violin piece and the bow. Strings are attached onto the main piece and the bow is drawn across the strings which produces the sound. Most of the violins are usually four stringed (number of strings depend on the violinist) which will be tuned according to the style it is played. These strings are tuned with help of pegs which are fixed below the finger board and there are also some fine tuners above the bridge where the person who plays can adjust small variable tunes caused by disturbances. The bow is also made up of wood is the shape of little-curved stick for which a bunch of long and thin thread like strands are attached which are mostly horse hairs. Nylon is also another option for the bow but mostly horse hair is preferred as it has more roughness in it. A stone like object called Rosin is applied to these hairs to increase the roughness of the bow. The tension of the bow can be adjusted according to the person who plays the instrument.
Sound is produced even strings are plucked (called Pizzicato) instead of being bowed, but the sound which comes is not continuous. When the bow is drawn across the strings, a continuous sound is produced from the violin and this is a very normal fact. But the astonishing fact is the sound produced when the instrument is bowed is the sound of continuous plucking by the hairs of bow. The sound which we hear when the instrument is bowed is continuous because the violin experiences hundreds of pluckings by hundreds of hairs of bow at a time and as these pluckings are continuous, the sound is continuous. Music is produced when the bow is drawn across the strings and fingers are move accordingly on strings an fingerboard simultaneously.
Most of the violinists play the violin by bowing (process of drawing the bow across the strings) with right hand and fingering it with left hand. The process is reverse in some rare cases if the violinist is a left-handed person. Holding of violin differs from style to style. Most of the violinists in the world belonging to western form hold it by resting upper back part on their collar bone and hold the neck of the violin upwards with the fingering hand making it comfortable to play. Most of them play the instrument by standing. In other case, a violinist belonging to Indian Classical Music especially Carnatic/South Indian Classical Music sits down, legs crossed (right leg is stretched forward) and holds the violin by placing the scroll on the right foot and rests the upper back either on chest or on collar bone. The instrument is held this way as there are a big number of oscillations and this position is ideal for them whereas a western violinist does not require this position as there are no oscillations for them.
The violin exists on earth as long as music exists as this is one of the prime instruments in the musical world which is capable of producing any sound on it. This instrument cannot be played as easily as it is to watch someone play it. Even a minute difference in the position of fingering can make a lot of difference in the sound produced. The instrument has to be played very carefully to get the best of music.
This is a small article on the instrument violin. One can get the best info about the instrument when he/she listens and speaks to the violinist and learning the instrument is the best way to get good amount of knowledge about the instrument.